Neurobehavioral and Psychosocial Factors

Team Overview
Astronauts on long missions will endure the isolation and confinement of the space environment to a greater degree than previous travelers. Methods crews use to deal with stress and the challenges of long voyages will be critical to the mission's success.

In addition to identifying neurobehavioral and psychosocial risks to crew health, safety and productivity, Team objectives include developing methods to monitor brain functions and behavior, and countermeasures to enhance performance, motivation and quality of life. The Neurobehavioral and Psychosocial Factors Team is evaluating leadership style, crew composition and cohesion, organization, and adequate communication to optimize crew effectiveness and mission success. The Team's efforts also include projects in the Mars 500 study in Russia and other analog environments.

In addition to meeting the needs of astronauts, the Team's research will have benefits for workers in safety-sensitive and remote locations on Earth.

Team Leader:
David F. Dinges, Ph.D.
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Associate Team Leader:
Robert D. Hienz, Ph.D.
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine


U.S. institute wraps up data collection in Russian Mars 520-day mission simulation. Read release