Deliverables for Exploration

The Sensorimotor Adaptation Team is developing countermeasures to mitigate sensorimotor risks associated with adaptation to spaceflight and readaptation to gravitational environments. The Team's goal is to define the mechanisms of adaptation, quantify the magnitude and duration of decrements in crew performance and the impact on safety, and develop practical standards and countermeasures. Projects address sensorimotor risk areas including disorientation, manual control, movement and space motion sickness.

The Team's anticipated deliverables for spaceflight include:
  • Setting requirements for vehicle displays and controls for landings;
  • Techniques for predicting disorientation and manual control problems due to vehicle accelerations, dust grayout and astronaut head movement;
  • Developing spatial-ability assessment tests and visual displays for astronaut training on the remote operation of robotic systems;
  • Gait-adaptability training and strength/balance training methods to improve post-flight balance and movement;
  • More efficient drugs for space motion sickness;
  • Development of mathematical models to predict spatial disorientation in altered gravitational environments;
  • Development of methods to create vertigo, using electrical stimulation, for potential use in landing and extravehicular activity simulations and training; and
  • Enhancement of technologies to improve spatial orientation and navigation capability of astronauts exploring deep-space destinations.

The MIT Remote Manipulation System Simulator is being used to develop more efficient astronaut training for robotic system operations.