Mars 500

The Mars 500 program is conducted by the State Scientific Center of the Russian Federation – Institute for Biomedical Problems (IBMP) of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Mars 500 involves long-term isolation of a crew simulating a long-duration interplanetary mission in a specially built ground-based facility.

The 520-day Mars Mission Simulation, conducted by IMBP under the auspices of the Russian Space Agency (Roscosmos), the Russian Academy of Sciences, and in cooperation with the European Space Agency, is the final phase of the Mars 500 program. Previous phases of Mars 500 included a 14-day test of the facility and a 105-day isolation study involving a six-man international crew in 2009.

The specialized IBMP facility consists of interconnected modules serving as the mock interplanetary spaceship, including medical and scientific research areas, living quarters, a kitchen, greenhouse and exercise area. The chamber also contains a Mars landing vehicle module and a martian landscape module for simulated extravehicular activities.

Additional information on Mars 500 can be found at the following websites:

Institute for Biomedical Problems Mars 500

European Space Agency Mars 500